Psychologists and psychotherapists’ practices of psychotherapy in Quebec: What differences exist?

The landscape of psychotherapy continues to change with the accreditation of other mental health professionals—like social workers and clinical counsellors—as psychotherapy practitioners. Data about potential similarities and differences between psychologists and psychotherapists may provide the field with a more thorough understanding of diverse aspects of psychotherapeutic practices, practitioner characteristics, and clinical training backgrounds. We employed an online survey to obtain information on the psychotherapy practices of psychologists and psychotherapists working in the private sector in Quebec as nearly half of Canadian licensed psychologists practice in Quebec. All 664 participants were licensed by the Ordre des Psychologues du Québec (OPQ). There were significant differences between psychologists and psychotherapists. Although they both provide psychotherapy services they present with differences in: education levels, presenting problems of their clients, referrals sources, theoretical orientation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, duration of their interventions, collaboration with other health professionals, as well as fees charged for their services. These differences may relate to variances in training and/or professional development requirements for each group. Overall, the results suggest that psychologists and psychotherapists in the private sector take different approaches to the practice of psychotherapy in Quebec. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)