Differences in puff topography, toxicant exposure, and subjective response between waterpipe tobacco smoking men and women.

Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) exposes users to toxicants in much greater amounts than a cigarette. Little is known about how gender affects WTS toxicant exposure and subjective response. Data from three WTS clinical laboratory studies were combined for analysis. Participants (N = 99; 38 women) completed a 45-min WTS session where they smoked a waterpipe ad libitum. Puff topography was measured throughout, and plasma nicotine concentration, expired air carbon monoxide (CO), and subjective responses were measured pre- and post-WTS. There was a gender effect for total puff volume with men inhaling a greater smoke volume, on average (M = 59.9 L, SD = 40.7), compared with women (M = 38.8 L, SD = 27.8; p < .01). Men had greater post-WTS mean plasma nicotine concentrations (M = 10.0 ng/ml, SD = 7.1) compared with women (M = 6.9 ng/ml, SD = 5.2; p < .05). Post-WTS expired air CO was not associated with gender (men M = 27.6 ppm, SD = 18.9; women M = 22.7 ppm, SD = 17.0, ns). Relative to men, women had higher post-WTS scores for subjective measures of “nauseous,” “dizzy,” “nervous,” “headache,” and “heart pounding.” Men and women are exposed to toxicants during WTS, and men may achieve higher nicotine exposure than women, likely resulting from differences in smoke inhaled. However, similar post-WTS expired air CO between men and women and higher ratings of negative subjective responses among women may indicate that factors beyond puff topography may impact toxicant exposure and subjective response to WTS. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved)